Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Peccei–Quinn symmetry breaking via asymptotically safe dynamical scalegenesis: a walking axicolor and axion
Theory Center, IPNS, KEK, 305-0801, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
2 Center for Liberal Arts and Sciences, Toyama Prefectural University, 939-0398, Toyama, Japan
3 Center for Theoretical Physics and College of Physics, Jilin University, 130012, Changchun, China
4 Department of Physics, Brown University, 02912, Providence, RI, USA
Accepted: 10 January 2022
Published online: 3 February 2022
Breaking the Pecci–Quinn (PQ) symmetry by the perturbative dynamics would suffer from a hierarchy problem, just like the electroweak symmetry breaking in the standard model. The dynamics of the axion, associated with the PQ symmetry breaking, would also involve a triviality problem. We provide a paradigm to resolve those two problems potentially existing in the PQ symmetry breaking scenario, with keeping the successful axion relaxation for the QCD strong CP phase. The proposed theory includes an axicolor dynamics with the axicolored fermions partially gauged by the QCD color, and is shown to be governed by an asymptotically safe (AS) fixed point: quantum scale invariance is built. The AS axicolor is actually a “walking” dynamics, which dynamically breaks a PQ symmetry, a part of the chiral symmetry carried by the axicolored fermions. The PQ scale generation is then triggered by the nonperturbative dimensional transmutation in the “walking” dynamics. A composite axion emerges as the associated Nambu-Goldstone boson. That is, no hierarchy or triviality problem is present there. The composite axion can potentially be light due to the characteristic feature of the AS axicolor (“walking” axicolor), becomes the QCD axion in the anti-Veneziano limit, and gets heavier by the subleading correction. The composite axion relaxes the QCD theta parameter, involving heavier relaxation partners such as axicolored pseudoscalar mesons, and the ultraviolet correction to the relaxation mechanism is protected by the established (near) scale invariance during the “walking” regime.
© The Author(s) 2022
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