Regular Article - Experimental Physics
Calorimetric Measurement of Multi-TeV Muons via Deep Regression
CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
2 Università di Padova, Padua, Italy
3 INFN, Sezione di Padova, Padua, Italy
4 Università di Napoli “Federico II”, Naples, Italy
Accepted: 4 January 2022
Published online: 27 January 2022
The performance demands of future particle-physics experiments investigating the high-energy frontier pose a number of new challenges, forcing us to find improved solutions for the detection, identification, and measurement of final-state particles in subnuclear collisions. One such challenge is the precise measurement of muon momentum at very high energy, where an estimate of the curvature provided by conceivable magnetic fields in realistic detectors proves insufficient for achieving good momentum resolution when detecting, e.g., a narrow, high mass resonance decaying to a muon pair. In this work we study the feasibility of an entirely new avenue for the measurement of the energy of muons based on their radiative losses in a dense, finely segmented calorimeter. This is made possible by exploiting spatial information of the clusters of energy from radiated photons in a regression task. The use of a task-specific deep learning architecture based on convolutional layers allows us to treat the problem as one akin to image reconstruction, where images are constituted by the pattern of energy released in successive layers of the calorimeter. A measurement of muon energy with better than 20% relative resolution is shown to be achievable for ultra-TeV muons.
© The Author(s) 2022
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