Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Constraints on the maximum mass of quark star and the GW 190814 event
Theoretical and Computational Physics Group, Theoretical and Computational Science Center (TaCS), Faculty of Science, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi, Prachauthid Rd., 10140, Bangkok, Thailand
2 Department of Registrar, Kalyani University, Nadia, West Bengal, India
3 Centre for Cosmology, Astrophysics and Space Science, GLA University, 281 406, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Astrophysics and Cosmology Research Unit, School of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X54001, 4000, Durban, South Africa
Accepted: 11 January 2022
Published online: 21 January 2022
Gravitational-waves (GWs) data have widely been used for testing preferred modified gravity theories. In this paper, we investigate the possibility of testing them in the strong gravity regime by looking at the properties of compact objects in dense matter physics. In this direction modified gravity theories such as f(R, T) gravity can be tested with the recently discovered compact binary merger, GW 190814, containing a compact object with mass 2.50–2.67 . By considering these constraints on maximum mass of such an object, we predict the existence of quark stars (QSs) made of quark matter in the color-flavor-locked (CFL) phase of color superconductivity. Such a state is significantly more bound than ordinary quark matter and enhances the possibility of the existence of a pure stable QS. We focus on the following aspects in particular: mass–radius profile, mass-central mass density relation, compactness and the corresponding effective adiabatic index for stability related issues. Our result implies that predicted properties for QSs are well consistent with GW 190814 observational data that helps us to impose constraints on the theoretical models of dense nuclear matter.
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