Regular Article - Experimental Physics
Dielectric strength of noble and quenched gases for high pressure time projection chambers
Department of Physics, University of Texas at Arlington, 108 Science Hall, 502 Yates St, 76019, Arlington, TX, USA
Accepted: 30 November 2021
Published online: 19 January 2022
Dielectric breakdown strength is one of the critical performance metrics for pure gases and gas mixtures used in large, high pressure gas time projection chambers. In this paper we experimentally study dielectric breakdown strengths of several important time projection chamber working gases and gas-phase insulators over the pressure range 100 mbar to 10 bar, and gap sizes ranging from 0.1 to 10 mm. Gases characterized include argon, xenon, CO, CF, and mixtures 90-10 argon-CH, 90-10 argon-CO and 99-1 argon-CF. We develop a theoretical model for high voltage breakdown based on microphysical simulations that use PyBoltz electron swarm Monte Carlo results as input to Townsend- and Meek-like discharge criteria. This model is shown to be highly predictive at high pressure, out-performing traditional Paschen–Townsend and Meek–Raether models significantly. At lower pressure-times-distance, the Townsend-like model is an excellent description for noble gases whereas the Meek-like model provides a highly accurate prediction for insulating gases.
© The Author(s) 2021
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Funded by SCOAP3