Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Cosmological evolution with quadratic gravity and nonideal fluids
Center for Gravitation and Cosmology, College of Physical Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, 180 Siwangting Road, 225002, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, China
2 School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 200240, Shanghai, China
3 International Center for Cosmology, Charusat University, 388421, Anand, Gujrat, India
4 School of Science, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, 212003, Zhenjiang, China
Accepted: 28 September 2021
Published online: 25 October 2021
Some cosmological models based on the gravitational theory , and on fluids obeying to the equations of state of Redlich–Kwong, Berthelot, and Dieterici are proposed for describing smooth transitions between different cosmic epochs. A dynamical system analysis reveals that these models contain fixed points which correspond to an inflationary, a radiation dominated and a late-time accelerating epoch, and a nonsingular bouncing solution, the latter being an asymptotic fixed point of the compactified phase space. The infinity of the compactified phase space is interpreted as a region in which the non-ideal behaviors of the previously mentioned cosmic fluids are suppressed. Physical constraints on the adopted dimensionless variables are derived by demanding the theory to be free from ghost and tachyonic instabilities, and a novel cosmological interpretation of such variables is proposed through a cosmographic analysis. The different effects of the equation of state parameters on the number of equilibrium solutions and on their stability nature are clarified. Some generic properties of these models, which are not sensitive to the particular fluid considered, are identified, while differences are critically examined by showing that the Redlich–Kwong scenario admits a second radiation-dominated epoch and a Big Rip Singularity.
© The Author(s) 2021
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Funded by SCOAP3