Regular Article – Theoretical Physics
A quantum strategy to compute the jet quenching parameter
Instituto Galego de Física de Altas Enerxías (IGFAE), Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782, Galicia, Spain
Accepted: 21 September 2021
Published online: 1 October 2021
Jet quenching, the modification of the properties of a QCD jet when the parton cascade takes place inside a medium, is an intrinsically quantum process, where color coherence effects play an essential role. Despite a very significant progress in the last years, the simulation of a full quantum medium induced cascade remains inaccessible to classical Monte Carlo parton showers. In this situation, alternative formulations are worth being tried and the fast developments in quantum computing provide a very promising direction. The goal of this paper is to introduce a strategy to quantum simulate single particle momentum broadening, the simplest building block of jet quenching. Momentum broadening is the modification of the quark or gluon transverse momentum due interactions with the underlying medium, modeled as a QCD background field. At the lowest order in that we consider here, momentum broadening does not involve parton splittings and particle number is conserved, greatly simplifying the quantum algorithmic implementation. This quantity is, however, very relevant for the phenomenology of RHIC, LHC or the future EIC.
© The Author(s) 2021
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