Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Thermodynamics of graviton condensate
Instituto de Física, Pontificia Universidad de Católica de Chile, Av. Vicuña Mackenna, 4860, Santiago, Chile
2 Department of Physics, University of California, 93106, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
Accepted: 8 September 2021
Published online: 5 October 2021
In this work, we present the thermodynamic study of a model that considers the black hole as a condensate of gravitons. In this model, the spacetime is not asymptotically flat because of a topological defect that introduces an angle deficit in the spacetime like in Global Monopole solutions. We have obtained a correction to the Hawking temperature plus a negative pressure associated with the black hole of mass M. In this way, the graviton condensate, which is assumed to be at the critical point defined by the condition has well-defined thermodynamic quantities P, V, , S, and U as any other Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC). In addition, we present a formal equivalence between the Letelier spacetime and the line element that describes the graviton condensate. We also discuss the Kiselev black hole, which can parametrize the most well-known spherically symmetric black holes. Finally, we present a new metric, which we will call the BEC–Kiselev solution, that allows us to extend the graviton condensate to the case of solutions with different matter contents.
© The Author(s) 2021
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