Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Evolution of virial clouds-I: from surface of last scattering up to the formation of population-III stars
Department of Mathematics and Physics “E. De Giorgi”, University of Salento, Via per Arnesano, 73100, Lecce, Italy
2 INFN, Sezione di Lecce, Via per Arnesano, 73100, Lecce, Italy
3 Abdus Salam School of Mathematical Sciences, Government College University Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
4 Department of Physics, Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
Accepted: 6 September 2021
Published online: 17 September 2021
The analysis of WMAP and Planck CMB data has shown the presence of temperature asymmetries towards the halos of several galaxies, which is probably due to the rotation of clouds present in these halos about the rotational axis of the galaxies. It had been proposed that these are hydrogen clouds that should be in equilibrium with the CMB. However, standard theory did not allow equilibrium of such clouds at the very low CMB temperature, but it was recently shown that the equilibrium could be stable. This still does not prove that the cloud concentration and that the observed temperature asymmetry is due to clouds in equilibrium with the CMB. To investigate the matter further, it would be necessary to trace the evolution of such clouds, which we call “virial clouds”, from their formation epoch to the present, so as to confront the model with the observational data. The task is to be done in two steps: (1) from the cloud formation before the formation of first generation of stars; (2) from that time to the present. In this paper we deal with the first step leaving the second one to a subsequent analysis.
© The Author(s) 2021
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