Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Four-lepton production in gluon fusion at NLO matched to parton showers
Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, INFN, Piazza della Scienza 3, 20126, Milan, Italy
2 Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3PU, Oxford, UK
3 IPPP, Department of Physics, Durham University, DH1 3LE, Durham, UK
4 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sussex, BN1 9QH, Brighton, UK
5 Theoretical Physics Department, CERN, 1211, Geneva 23, Switzerland
Accepted: 21 July 2021
Published online: 3 August 2021
We present a calculation of the next-to-leading order (NLO) QCD corrections to gluon-induced electroweak gauge boson pair production, and , matched to the PYTHIA 8 parton shower in the POWHEG approach. The calculation consistently incorporates the continuum background, the Higgs-mediated process, and their interference. We consider leptonic decay modes of the vector bosons and retain offshell and non-resonant contributions. The processes considered are loop-induced at leading order and thus contain two-loop virtual contributions as well as loop-squared real contributions. Parton-shower effects are found to be marginal in inclusive observables and quite sizeable in observables that are exclusive in additional jet radiation. The Monte Carlo generator presented here allows for realistic experimental effects to be incorporated in state-of-the-art precision analyses of diboson production and of the Higgs boson in the offshell regime.
© The Author(s) 2021
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