Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Boer–Mulders function of the pion and pretzelosity distribution of the proton in the polarized pion-proton Drell–Yan process at COMPASS
School of Physics and State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Peking University, 100871, Beijing, China
2 Center for High Energy Physics, Peking University, 100871, Beijing, China
3 Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing, China
Accepted: 14 July 2021
Published online: 20 July 2021
We present a phenomenological analysis of the -weighted transverse spin dependent azimuthal asymmetry recently measured by the COMPASS Collaboration in polarized pion-proton Drell–Yan process. In the kinematical regimes explored by experiments, we consider the leading-twist contributions from the Boer–Mulders distribution functions of both the pion and the proton, the transversity distribution and the pretzelosity distribution of the proton, with the unpolarized transverse-momentum-dependent distribution function of the proton being also involved in the calculation. By comparing the data reported by the COMPASS Collaboration with theoretical calculated results, we find that the COMPASS measurements represent the first experimental evidence of the Boer–Mulders effect in polarized Drell–Yan process. We also test the universality between proton and pion Boer–Mulders functions.
© The Author(s) 2021
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