Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Deuterium scattering experiments in CTEQ global QCD analyses: a comparative investigation
Hampton University, 23668, Hampton, VA, USA
2 Jefferson Lab, 23606, Newport News, VA, USA
3 Department of Physics, Southern Methodist University, 75275, Dallas, TX, USA
4 Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, 60510, Batavia, IL, USA
5 Department of Physics, Illinois Institute of Technology, 60616, Chicago, IL, USA
Accepted: 7 June 2021
Published online: 12 July 2021
Experimental measurements in deep-inelastic scattering and lepton-pair production on deuterium targets play an important role in the flavor separation of u and d (anti)quarks in global QCD analyses of the parton distribution functions (PDFs) of the nucleon. We investigate the impact of theoretical corrections accounting for the light-nuclear structure of the deuteron upon the fitted u, d-quark, gluon, and other PDFs in the CJ15 and CT18 families of next-to-leading order CTEQ global analyses. The investigation is done using the sensitivity statistical method, which provides a common metric to quantify the strength of experimental constraints on various PDFs and ratios of PDFs in the two distinct fitting frameworks. Using the sensitivity and other approaches, we examine the compatibility of deuteron data sets with other fitted experiments under varied implementations of the deuteron corrections. We find that freely-fitted deuteron corrections modify the PDF uncertainty at large momentum fractions and will be relevant for future PDFs affecting electroweak precision measurements.
© The Author(s) 2021
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