Regular Article – Theoretical Physics
On generation of a stochastic GW background by the scattering on relic wormholes
ICRA, ICRANeT, Sapienza University of Rome, Via dei Marsi, 78, 00185, Rome, Italy
2 Bauman Moscow State Technical University, 105005, Moscow, Russian Federation
Accepted: 14 March 2021
Published online: 29 March 2021
We study collective features of the scattering of gravitational waves on relic wormholes and normal matter objects. We derive and solve the GW energy transport equation and show that the scattered signal lies in the same frequency spectrum bands as the basic signal. The scattering forms long living tails which always accompany the basic signal and have a universal form. The scattering on normal matter objects forms tails which have always the retarded character, while wormholes lead to advanced tails as well. In addition, wormholes may produce considerably stronger effect when the total energy in tails detected on the Earth exceeds that in the incident direct wave. In both cases the retarding tails have a long living character when the mean amplitude behaves with time as . For a single GW event the echo tails give only a tiny contribution to the mean amplitude. However such tails accumulate with events and form a stochastic GW background which may be observed by the contribution to the noise.
© The Author(s) 2021
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