Regular Article – Theoretical Physics
Kerr metric Killing bundles
Killing horizons confinement, light-surfaces and horizons replicas
Research Centre of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Institute of Physics, Silesian University in Opava, Bezručovo náměstí 13, 74601, Opava, Czech Republic
2 Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, 00185, Rome, Italy
3 Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, AP 70543, 04510, Mexico, DF, Mexico
4 Department of Theoretical and Nuclear Physics, Kazakh National University, 050040, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Accepted: 18 February 2021
Published online: 25 March 2021
We provide a complete characterization of the metric Killing bundles (or metric bundles) of the Kerr geometry. Metric bundles can be generally defined for axially symmetric spacetimes with Killing horizons and, for the case of Kerr geometries, are sets of black holes (BHs) or black holes and naked singularities (NSs) geometries. Each metric of a bundle has an equal limiting photon (orbital) frequency, which defines the bundle and coincides with the frequency of a Killing horizon in the extended plane. In this plane each bundle is represented as a curve tangent to the curve that represents the horizons, which thus emerge as the envelope surfaces of the metric bundles. We show that the horizons frequency can be used to establish a connection between BHs and NSs, providing an alternative representation of such spacetimes in the extended plane and an alternative definition of the BH horizons. We introduce the concept of inner horizon confinement and horizons replicas and study the possibility of detecting their frequencies. We study the bundle characteristic frequencies constraining the inner horizon confinement in the outer region of the plane i.e. the possibility of detect frequency related to the inner horizon, and the horizons replicas, structures which may be detectable for example from the emission spectra of BHs spacetimes. With the replicas we prove the existence of photon orbits with equal orbital frequency of the horizons. It is shown that such observations can be performed close to the rotation axis of the Kerr geometry, depending on the BH spin. We argue that these results could be used to further investigate black holes and their thermodynamic properties.
© The Author(s) 2021
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