Regular Article – Theoretical Physics
Low-energy probes of no-scale SU(5) super-GUTs
Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology Group, Department of Physics, King’s College London, WC2R 2LS, London, UK
2 Theoretical Physics Department, CERN, 1211, Geneva 23, Switzerland
3 National Institute of Chemical Physics & Biophysics, Rävala 10, 10143, Tallinn, Estonia
4 T. D. Lee Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 200240, Shanghai, China
5 Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, 113–0033, Tokyo, Japan
6 William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, 55455, Minneapolis, MN, USA
7 Department of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen, PO Box 7803, 5020, Bergen, Norway
8 Korea Institute for Advanced Study, 02455, Seoul, South Korea
Accepted: 22 January 2021
Published online: 4 February 2021
We explore the possible values of the branching ratio, , and the electron dipole moment (eEDM), , in no-scale SU(5) super-GUT models with the boundary conditions that soft supersymmetry-breaking matter scalar masses vanish at some high input scale, , above the GUT scale, . We take into account the constraints from the cosmological cold dark matter density, , the Higgs mass, , and the experimental lower limit on the lifetime for , the dominant proton decay mode in these super-GUT models. Reconciling this limit with and requires the Higgs field responsible for the charge-2/3 quark masses to be twisted, and possibly also that responsible for the charge-1/3 and charged-lepton masses, with model-dependent soft supersymmetry-breaking masses. We consider six possible models for the super-GUT initial conditions, and two possible choices for quark flavor mixing, contrasting their predictions for proton decay with versions of the models in which mixing effects are neglected. We find that may be accessible to the upcoming Hyper-Kamiokande experiment, whereas all the models predict and below the current and prospective future experimental sensitivities or both flavor choices, when the dark matter density, Higgs mass and current proton decay constraints are taken into account. However, there are limited regions with one of the flavor choices in two of the models where conversion on a heavy nucleus may be observable in the future. Our results indicate that there is no supersymmetric flavor problem in the class of no-scale models we consider.
© The Author(s) 2021
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Funded by SCOAP3