Regular Article – Theoretical Physics
Lyapunov exponent, ISCO and Kolmogorov–Senai entropy for Kerr–Kiselev black hole
Department of Mathematics, Jadavpur University, 700032, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Physics, National Defence Academy, 411023, Khadakwasla, Pune, India
Accepted: 16 January 2021
Published online: 26 January 2021
Geodesic motion has significant characteristics of space-time. We calculate the principle Lyapunov exponent (LE), which is the inverse of the instability timescale associated with this geodesics and Kolmogorov–Senai (KS) entropy for our rotating Kerr–Kiselev (KK) black hole. We have investigate the existence of stable/unstable equatorial circular orbits via LE and KS entropy for time-like and null circular geodesics. We have shown that both LE and KS entropy can be written in terms of the radial equation of innermost stable circular orbit (ISCO) for time-like circular orbit. Also, we computed the equation marginally bound circular orbit, which gives the radius (smallest real root) of marginally bound circular orbit (MBCO). We found that the null circular geodesics has larger angular frequency than time-like circular geodesics (). Thus, null-circular geodesics provides the fastest way to circulate KK black holes. Further, it is also to be noted that null circular geodesics has shortest orbital period among the all possible circular geodesics. Even null circular geodesics traverses fastest than any stable time-like circular geodesics other than the ISCO.
© The Author(s) 2021
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