Regular Article – Theoretical Physics
Phase transition and entropic force of de Sitter black hole in massive gravity
Institute of Theoretical Physics, Shanxi Datong University, 037009, Datong, China
2 School of Mathematical and Statistical, Shanxi Datong University, 037009, Datong, China
3 Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, 100875, Beijing, China
4 School of Science, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, 400065, Chongqing, China
Accepted: 5 January 2021
Published online: 18 January 2021
It is well known that de Sitter(dS) black holes generally have a black hole horizon and a cosmological horizon, both of which have Hawking radiation. But the radiation temperature of the two horizons is generally different, so dS black holes do not meet the requirements of thermal equilibrium stability, which brings certain difficulties to the study of the thermodynamic characteristics of black holes. In this paper, dS black hole is regarded as a thermodynamic system, and the effective thermodynamic quantities of the system are obtained. The influence of various state parameters on the effective thermodynamic quantities in the massive gravity space-time is discussed. The condition of the phase transition of the de Sitter black hole in massive gravity space-time is given. We consider that the total entropy of the dS black hole is the sum of the corresponding entropy of the two horizons plus an extra term from the correlation of the two horizons. By comparing the entropic force of interaction between black hole horizon and the cosmological horizon with Lennard-Jones force between two particles, we find that the change rule of entropic force between the two system is surprisingly the same. The research will help us to explore the real reason of accelerating expansion of the universe.
© The Author(s) 2021
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