Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Polarized parton distribution functions: parametrization and transverse momentum dependence
Faculty of Physics, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
2 Mahani Mathematical Research Center, Shahid Bahonar university of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
3 School of Particles and Accelerators, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P.O.Box 19395-5531, Tehran, Iran
4 Physics Department, Yazd University, P.O.Box 89195-741, Yazd, Iran
Accepted: 28 December 2020
Published online: 12 January 2021
We extract the polarized parton distribution functions (PPDFs) of proton. To this end we do a global analysis on recent and up-to-dated experimental data of polarized nucleon and deuteron structure functions at the NLO accuracy of perturbative QCD. We use the Jacobi polynomials expansion technique to do the required analyses. To achieve a more realistic estimation of the PPDFs and observable uncertainties we employ the Hessian error propagation. Following that we apply a theoretical approach which is based on imposing Lorentz structure in the parton model to investigate the transverse momentum dependence of these PPDFs. In this approach, the transverse momentum dependent (TMD) polarized parton distributions, which are also called the helicity distributions, are related to the integrated ones. This relation is indicating the priority and importance of data analysis for PPDFs. The results show a convenient general treatment expected for TMD densities which are in fact resulted from data analysis and fitting processes of integrated PPDFs in an adequate and a proper way.
© The Author(s) 2021
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