Regular Article – Theoretical Physics
Precision protection through cosmic string in quantum metrology
School of Electronic and Communication Engineering, Guiyang University, 550005, Guiyang, Guizhou, China
Accepted: 16 December 2020
Published online: 21 December 2020
The dynamics of the quantum Fisher information of the parameters of the initial atomic state and atomic transition frequency is studied, in the framework of open quantum systems, for a static polarizable two-level atom coupled in the multipolar scheme to a bath of fluctuating vacuum electromagnetic fields in cosmic string space-time. Our results show that with the presence of cosmic string, the quantum Fisher information becomes position and atomic polarization dependent. It may be enhanced or depressed as compared to that in flat space-time case. Remarkably, when the atom is extremely close to the cosmic string and the polarization direction of the atom is perpendicular to the direction of the cosmic string, the quantum Fisher information has been totally protected from the fluctuating vacuum electromagnetic fields. So on the one hand, near a cosmic string, precision of estimation can be enhanced by ranging the radial distance between the probe atom and the cosmic string; on the other hand, the cosmic string can be sensed by studying the distribution of parameter induced state-separation.
© The Author(s) 2020
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