Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Improving fermion mass hierarchy in grand gauge–Higgs unification with localized gauge kinetic terms
Department of Mathematics and Physics, Osaka City University, 558-8585, Osaka, Japan
2 Nambu Yoichiro Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (NITEP), Osaka City University, 558-8585, Osaka, Japan
Accepted: 16 September 2020
Published online: 9 October 2020
Grand gauge–Higgs unification of five dimensional SU(6) gauge theory on an orbifold with localized gauge kinetic terms is discussed. The Standard model (SM) fermions on one of the boundaries and some massive bulk fermions coupling to the SM fermions on the boundary are introduced, so that they respect an SU(5) symmetry structure. The SM fermion masses including top quark are reproduced by mild tuning the bulk masses and parameters of the localized gauge kinetic terms. Gauge coupling universality is not guaranteed by the presence of the localized gauge kinetic terms and it severely constrains the Higgs vacuum expectation value. Higgs potential analysis shows that the electroweak symmetry breaking occurs by introducing additional bulk fermions in simplified representations. The localized gauge kinetic terms enhance the magnitude of the compactification scale, which helps Higgs boson mass large. Indeed the observed Higgs boson mass 125 GeV is obtained.
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