Regular Article – Theoretical Physics
Masses and electric charges: gauge anomalies and anomalous thresholds
Instituto de Física Teórica UAM-CSIC, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, 28049, Madrid, Spain
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Accepted: 15 September 2020
Published online: 13 October 2020
We work out in the forward limit and up to order in perturbation theory the collinear divergences. In this kinematical regime we discover new collinear divergences that we argue can be only cancelled using quantum interference with processes contributing to the gauge anomaly. This rules out the possibility of a quantum consistent and anomaly free theory with massless charges and long range interactions. We use the anomalous threshold singularities to derive a gravitational lower bound on the mass of the lightest charged fermion.
© The Author(s), 2020