Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Degenerate Bogdanov–Takens bifurcations in a bulk viscous cosmology
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, 11566, Cairo, Egypt
2 Department of Physics, School of Sciences and Engineering, American University in Cairo, P.O. Box 74, AUC Avenue New Cairo, Cairo, Egypt
3 Centre for Fundamental Physics, Zewail City of Science and Technology, Sheikh Zayed, 6 October City, 12588, Giza, Egypt
4 The Abdus Salam ICTP, P.O. Box 586, 34100, Trieste, Italy
c firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
Accepted: 23 August 2020
Published online: 20 September 2020
Using the dynamical system theory we show that the Friedmann–Robertson–Walker (FRW) cosmological model with bulk viscous fluid in the presence of cosmological constant is equivalent to a degenerate two dimensional Bogdanov–Takens normal form. The equation of state parameter, , the bulk viscosity coefficient, , and the cosmological constant, , define the necessary parameters for unfolding the degenerate Bogdanov-Takens system. The fixed points of the system are discussed together with the variation of their stability properties upon changing the relevant parameters and . The variation of the stability properties are visualized by the appropriate bifurcation diagrams. Phase portrait for finite domain and global phase portrait are displayed and the issue of the structural stability is discussed. Typical issues such as late acceleration or inflation that can be induced by viscosity and could have relevance to observational cosmology are also discussed.
© The Author(s) 2020
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