Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Threshold effects in SO(10) models with one intermediate breaking scale
Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica, Università di Roma Tre, Via della Vasca Navale 84, 00146, Rome, Italy
2 Department of Physics, School of Engineering Sciences, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, AlbaNova University Center, Roslagstullsbacken 21, 106 91, Stockholm, Sweden
3 The Oskar Klein Centre, AlbaNova University Center, Roslagstullsbacken 21, 106 91, Stockholm, Sweden
4 Science Institute, University of Iceland, Dunhaga 3, 107, Reykjavík, Iceland
Accepted: 30 July 2020
Published online: 10 September 2020
Despite the successes of the Standard Model of particle physics, it is known to suffer from a number of deficiencies. Several of these can be addressed within non-supersymmetric theories of grand unification based on . However, achieving gauge coupling unification in such theories is known to require additional physics below the unification scale, such as symmetry breaking in multiple steps. Many such models are disfavored due to bounds on the proton lifetime. Corrections arising from threshold effects can, however, modify these conclusions. We analyze all seven relevant breaking chains with one intermediate symmetry breaking scale, assuming the “survival hypothesis” for the scalar masses. Two are allowed by proton lifetime and two are disfavored by a failure to unify the gauge couplings. The remaining three unify at a too low scale, but can be salvaged by various amounts of threshold corrections. We parametrize this and thereby rank the models by the size of the threshold corrections required to save them.
© The Author(s) 2020
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