Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
A soliton with a long-range tail
Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, 52171-900, Brazil
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Accepted: 15 June 2020
Published online: 27 June 2020
We propose an analytically solvable sextic potential model with non-trivial soliton solutions connecting the trivial vacua. The model does not respect parity symmetry, and like theory has two minima. The soliton solutions and the consequent results are obtained in terms of the Lambert W function, i.e., the inverse function of . They have power-law asymptotics at one spatial infinity and exponential asymptotics at the other. We compare the solution with the kink of theory, which preserves the parity symmetry and has exponential asymptotics at both spatial infinities. Moreover, we study the full spectrum (bound and continuum states) of boson and fermion fields in the presence of the proposed soliton. We consider two types of coupling for the boson–soliton interaction and Yukawa coupling for the fermion–soliton interaction. Most results are derived analytically. This property renders the model a fertile ground for further study, including parity breaking related phenomena and long-range soliton–soliton interactions.
© The Author(s), 2020