Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Dyon in the SU(2) Yang–Mills theory with a gauge-invariant gluon mass toward quark confinement
Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Chiba University, Chiba, 263-8522, Japan
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Accepted: 1 May 2020
Published online: 20 May 2020
In the previous paper, we have shown the existence of magnetic monopoles in the pure SU(2) Yang–Mills theory with a gauge-invariant mass term for the gluon field being introduced. In this paper, we extend our previous construction of magnetic monopoles to obtain dyons with both magnetic and electric charges. In fact, we solve under the static and spherically symmetric ansatz the field equations of the SU(2) “complementary” gauge-scalar model, which is the SU(2) Yang–Mills theory coupled to a single adjoint scalar field whose radial degree of freedom is eliminated. We show that the novel dyon solution can be identified with the gauge field configuration of a dyon with a minimum magnetic charge in the massive Yang–Mills theory. Moreover, we compare the dyon of the massive Yang–Mills theory obtained in this way with the Julia–Zee dyon in the Georgi–Glashow gauge-Higgs scalar model and the dyonic extension of the Wu–Yang magnetic monopole in the pure Yang–Mills theory. Finally, we identify the novel dyon solution found in this paper with a dyon configuration on space with nontrivial holonomy and propose to use it to understand the confinement/deconfinement phase transition in the Yang–Mills theory at finite temperature, instead of using the dyons constituting the Kraan–van Baal–Lee–Lu caloron.
© The Author(s), 2020