Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Background evaluations for the chiral magnetic effect with normalized correlators using a multiphase transport model
Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Ion-beam Application (MOE), and Institute of Modern Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200433, People’s Republic of China
2 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, California, 90095, USA
Accepted: 15 April 2020
Published online: 8 May 2020
The chiral magnetic effect (CME) induces an electric charge separation in a chiral medium along the magnetic field that is mostly produced by spectator protons in heavy-ion collisions. The experimental searches for the CME, based on the charge-dependent angular correlations (), however, have remained inconclusive, because the non-CME background contributions are not well understood. Experimentally, the correlators have been measured with respect to the second-order () and the third-order () symmetry planes, defined as and , respectively. The expectation was that with a proper normalization, would provide a data-driven estimate for the background contributions in . In this work, we calculate different harmonics of the correlators using a charge-conserving version of a multiphase transport (AMPT) model to examine the validity of the said assumption. We find that the pure-background AMPT simulations do not yield an equality in the normalized and , quantified by and , respectively. Furthermore, we test another correlator, , within AMPT, and discuss the relation between different correlators.
© The Author(s), 2020