Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Dynamical wormholes in Einstein–Gauss–Bonnet gravity
Department of Physics, Shahid Bahonar University, P.O. Box 76175, Kerman, Iran
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Accepted: 23 March 2020
Published online: 8 April 2020
In the present work, we investigate evolving wormhole configurations in higher-dimensions, by adding a Gauss–Bonnet term to the standard Einstein–Hilbert action. Using a generalized Friedmann–Robertson–Walker spacetime, we derive evolving wormhole geometries by considering a constraint on Ricci scalar. In standard cosmological models, the Ricci scalar is independent of radial coordinate r and is only a function of time. We use this property to introduce a particular class of wormhole solutions for which microscopic wormholes may have been enlarged to macroscopic sizes in an expanding inflationary cosmological background. We find, for the first time, specific solutions that satisfy the weak energy condition (WEC) throughout the entire spacetime in four dimensions. In addition to this, we also present other wormhole solutions that satisfy the WEC throughout their respective evolution.
© The Author(s), 2020