A CMB search for the neutrino mass mechanism and its relation to the Hubble tension
Department of Physics, King’s College London, Strand, London, WC2R 2LS, UK
2 Instituto de Física Corpuscular (IFIC), CSIC-Universitat de València, València, Spain
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 17 March 2020
Published online: 1 April 2020
The majoron, a pseudo-Goldstone boson arising from the spontaneous breaking of global lepton number, is a generic feature of many models intended to explain the origin of the small neutrino masses. In this work, we investigate potential imprints in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) arising from massive majorons, should they thermalize with neutrinos after Big Bang Nucleosynthesis via inverse neutrino decays. We show that Planck2018 measurements of the CMB are currently sensitive to neutrino-majoron couplings as small as , which if interpreted in the context of the type-I seesaw mechanism correspond to a lepton number symmetry breaking scale . Additionally, we identify parameter space for which the majoron-neutrino interactions, collectively with an extra contribution to the effective number of relativistic species , can ameliorate the outstanding tension.
© The Author(s), 2020