Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Constrained gauge-gravity duality in three and four dimensions
UFF - Universidade Federal Fluminense, Instituto de Física, Campus da Praia Vermelha, Av. Litorânea s/n, Niterói, RJ, 24210-346, Brasil
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Accepted: 10 December 2019
Published online: 11 January 2020
The equivalence between Chern–Simons and Einstein–Hilbert actions in three dimensions established by Achúcarro and Townsend (Phys Lett B 180:89, 1986) and Witten (Nucl Phys B 311:46, 1988) is generalized to the off-shell case. The technique is also generalized to the Yang–Mills action in four dimensions displaying de Sitter gauge symmetry. It is shown that, in both cases, we can directly identify a gravity action while the gauge symmetry can generate spacetime local isometries as well as diffeomorphisms. The price we pay for working in an off-shell scenario is that specific geometric constraints are needed. These constraints can be identified with foliations of spacetime. The special case of spacelike leafs evolving in time is studied. Finally, the whole set up is analyzed under fiber bundle theory. In this analysis we show that a traditional gauge theory, where the gauge field does not influence in spacetime dynamics, can be (for specific cases) consistently mapped into a gravity theory in the first order formalism.
© The Author(s), 2020