Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Charged radiating stars with Lie symmetries
Astrophysics and Cosmology Research Unit, School of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X54001, Durban, 4000, South Africa
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Accepted: 7 October 2019
Published online: 15 October 2019
We consider the general model of an accelerating, expanding and shearing radiating star in the presence of charge. Using a new set of variables arising from the Lie symmetries of differential equations we transform the boundary equation into ordinary differential equations. We present several new exact models for a charged gravitating sphere. A particular family of solution may be interpreted as a generalised Euclidean star in the presence of the electromagnetic field. This family admits a linear barotropic equation of state. In the uncharged limit, we regain general relativistic stellar models where proper and areal radii are equal, and its generalisations. Our group theoretical approach selects the physically important cases of Euclidean stars and equations of state.
© The Author(s), 2019