Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Emergent -like fermionic vacuum structure and entanglement in the hyperbolic de Sitter spacetime
Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, Punjab, 140 001, India
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Accepted: 18 September 2019
Published online: 26 September 2019
We report a non-trivial feature of the vacuum structure of free massive or massless Dirac fields in the hyperbolic de Sitter spacetime. Here we have two causally disconnected regions, say R and L separated by another region, C. We are interested in the field theory in to understand the long range quantum correlations between R and L. There are local modes of the Dirac field having supports individually either in R or L, as well as global modes found via analytically continuing the R modes to L and vice versa. However, we show that unlike the case of a scalar field, the analytic continuation does not preserve the orthogonality of the resulting global modes. Accordingly, we need to orthonormalise them following the Gram–Schmidt prescription, prior to the field quantisation in order to preserve the canonical anti-commutation relations. We observe that this prescription naturally incorporates a spacetime independent continuous parameter, , into the picture. Thus interestingly, we obtain a naturally emerging one-parameter family of -like de Sitter vacua. The values of yielding the usual thermal spectra of massless created particles are pointed out. Next, using these vacua, we investigate both entanglement and Rényi entropies of either of the regions and demonstrate their dependence on .
© The Author(s), 2019