Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Dynamical suppression of spacetime torsion
Department of Theoretical Physics, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, 2A and 2B Raja S.C. Mullick Road, Kolkata, 700 032, India
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Accepted: 3 July 2019
Published online: 12 July 2019
A surprising feature of our present four dimensional universe is that its evolution appears to be governed solely by spacetime curvature without any noticeable effect of spacetime torsion. In the present paper, we give a possible explanation of this enigma through “cosmological evolution” of spacetime torsion in the backdrop of a higher dimensional braneworld scenario. Our results reveal that the torsion field may had a significant value at early phase of our universe, but gradually decreased with the expansion of the universe. This leads to a negligible footprint of torsion in our present visible universe. We also show that at an early epoch, when the amplitude of the torsion field was not suppressed, our universe underwent through an inflationary stage having a graceful exit within a finite time. To link the model with observational constraints, we also determine the spectral index for curvature perturbation () and tensor to scalar ratio (r) in the present context, which match with the results of Planck 2018 (combining with BICEP-2 Keck-Array) data (Akrami et al. in arXiv:1807.06211 [astro-ph.CO], 2019; Ade et al. in Phys Rev Lett 116:031302 https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.031302, arXiv:1510.09217 [astro-ph.CO], 2016).
© The Author(s), 2019