Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Ground state instability in nonrelativistic QFT and Euler–Heisenberg Lagrangian via holography
Departemet of Physics, Kharazmi University, Mofatteh Ave, Tehran, Iran
Accepted: 27 January 2019
Published online: 7 February 2019
We study the ground state instability of a strongly coupled QFT with the Schrödinger symmetry in a constant electric field using probe branes holography. The system is hypermultiplet fermions at zero charge density in the supergravity Schrödinger background. We show that the instability occurs due to Schwinger-like effect and an insulator state will undergo a transition to a conductor state. We calculate the decay rate of instability and pair production probability by using the gauge / gravity duality. At zero temperature for massive fermions, we suggest that the instability occurs if the critical electric field is larger than the confining force between fermions, which is proportional to an effective mass. We demonstrate that, at zero temperature, the Schrödinger background simulates the role of a crystal lattice for massive particles. We also show that at finite ’t Hooft coupling for particles with a mass higher than , in this background, instability does not occur, no matter how large the external electric field is, meaning that we have a perfect insulator. Moreover, we derive Euler–Heisenberg effective Lagrangian for the non-relativistic strongly correlated quantum theory from probe branes holography in Schrödinger spacetime.
© The Author(s), 2019