Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Can one have significant deviations from leptonic 3 3 unitarity in the framework of type I seesaw mechanism?
Department de Fisíca Quàntica i Astrofísica and Institut de Ciencies del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona, Diagonal 647, 08028, Barcelona, Spain
2 Centro de Física Teórica de Partículas, CFTP and Departamento de Física, Instituto Superior Técnico, IST, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Rovisco Pais nr. 1, 1049-001, Lisbon, Portugal
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 16 October 2018
Published online: 3 November 2018
We address the question of deviations from unitarity of the leptonic mixing matrix showing that, in the framework of type I seesaw mechanism, one may have significant deviations from unitarity that can be detected at the next round of experiments while some of the heavy neutrino masses are sufficiently low to become within experimental reach. For that purpose we introduce a specially useful parametrisation that enables to control all deviations of unitarity through a single matrix, which we denote by X and which connects the mixing of the light and heavy neutrinos in the context of type I seesaw. We show that there is no need for the Yukawa couplings to be extremely suppressed. We present specific examples where deviations from unitarity are sufficiently small to conform to all the present stringent experimental bounds.
© The Author(s), 2018