Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Rydberg states of hydrogenlike ions in a braneworld model
Department of Physics, Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 15 June 2018
Published online: 27 June 2018
Precise measurements of optical transition frequencies between Rydberg states of hydrogen-like ions could be used to obtain an improved value of the Rydberg constant, by avoiding the uncertainties about the proton radius. Motivated by this perspective, we investigate the influence of the gravitational interaction on the energy levels of Hydrogen-like ions in Rydberg states in a braneworld model. As it is known, in this scenario, the gravitational interaction is amplified in short distances. We show that, for Rydberg states, the main contribution for the gravitational potential energy does not come from the rest energy concentrated on the nucleus but from the energy of the electromagnetic field created by its electric charge. The reason is connected to the fact that, when the ion is in a Rydberg state with high angular momentum, the gravitational potential is not computable in zero-width brane approximation due to the gravitational influence of the electrovacuum in which the lepton is moving. Considering a thick brane scenario, we calculate the gravitational potential energy associated to the nucleus charge in terms of the confinement parameter of the electric field in the brane. We show that the gravitational effects on the energy levels of a Rydberg state can be amplified by hidden dimensions even when the compactification scale is shorter than the Bohr radius.
© The Author(s), 2018