**78**: 510

https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-018-5973-z

Regular Article - Theoretical Physics

## Complexity factor for static anisotropic self-gravitating source in *f*(*R*) gravity

Department of Mathematics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan

^{*} e-mail: ghulamabbas@iub.edu.pk

Received:
24
May
2018

Accepted:
3
June
2018

Published online:
20
June
2018

In a recent paper, Herrera (Phys Rev D 97:044010, 2018) have proposed a new definition of complexity for static self-gravitating fluid in general relativity. In the present article, we implement this definition of complexity for static self-gravitating fluid to case of *f*(*R*) gravity. Here, we found that in the frame of *f*(*R*) gravity the definition of complexity proposed by Herrera, entirely based on the quantity known as complexity factor which appears in the orthogonal splitting of the curvature tensor. It has been observed that fluid spheres possessing homogenous energy density profile and isotropic pressure are capable to diminish their the complexity factor. We are interested to see the effects of *f*(*R*) term on complexity factor of the self-gravitating object. The gravitating source with inhomogeneous energy density and anisotropic pressure have maximum value of complexity. Further, such fluids may have zero complexity factor if the effects of inhomogeneity in energy density and anisotropic pressure cancel the effects of each other in the presence of *f*(*R*) dark source term. Also, we have found some interior exact solutions of modified *f*(*R*) field equations satisfying complexity criterium and some applications of this newly concept to the study of structure of compact objects are discussed in detail. It is interesting to note that previous results about the complexity for static self-gravitating fluid in general relativity can be recovered from our analysis if , which general relativistic limit of *f*(*R*) gravity.

*© The Author(s), 2018*