Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Cosmic acceleration in the nonlocal approach to the cosmological constant problem
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of the Ryukyus, Nishihara, Okinawa, 903-0213, Japan
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Accepted: 4 April 2018
Published online: 12 April 2018
We have recently constructed a manifestly local formulation of a nonlocal approach to the cosmological constant problem which can treat with quantum effects from both matter and gravitational fields. In this formulation, it has been explicitly shown that the effective cosmological constant is radiatively stable even in the presence of the gravitational loop effects. Since we are naturally led to add the term and the corresponding topological action to an original action, we make use of this formulation to account for the late-time acceleration of expansion of the universe in case of the open universes with infinite space-time volume. We will see that when the “scalaron”, which exists in the gravity as an extra scalar field, has a tiny mass of the order of magnitude , we can explain the current value of the cosmological constant in a consistent manner.
© The Author(s), 2018