Galactic Shapiro delay to the Crab pulsar and limit on weak equivalence principle violation
Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, Telangana, 502285, India
2 Department of Physics, Istanbul Technical University, Maslak, 34469, Istanbul, Turkey
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 17 January 2018
Published online: 30 January 2018
We calculate the total galactic Shapiro delay to the Crab pulsar by including the contributions from the dark matter as well as baryonic matter along the line of sight. The total delay due to dark matter potential is about 3.4 days. For baryonic matter, we included the contributions from both the bulge and the disk, which are approximately 0.12 and 0.32 days respectively. The total delay from all the matter distribution is therefore 3.84 days. We also calculate the limit on violations of Weak equivalence principle by using observations of “nano-shot” giant pulses from the Crab pulsar with time-delay ns, as well as using time differences between radio and optical photons observed from this pulsar. Using the former, we obtain a limit on violation of Weak equivalence principle in terms of the PPN parameter . From the time-difference between simultaneous optical and radio observations, we get . We also point out differences in our calculation of Shapiro delay and that from two recent papers (Yang and Zhang, Phys Rev D 94(10):101501, 2016; Zhang and Gong, Astrophys J 837:134, 2017), which used the same observations to obtain a corresponding limit on .
© The Author(s), 2018