Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
On the hadron mass decomposition
Centre de Physique Théorique, École polytechnique, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, 91128, Palaiseau, France
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 13 January 2018
Published online: 10 February 2018
We argue that the standard decompositions of the hadron mass overlook pressure effects, and hence should be interpreted with great care. Based on the semiclassical picture, we propose a new decomposition that properly accounts for these pressure effects. Because of Lorentz covariance, we stress that the hadron mass decomposition automatically comes along with a stability constraint, which we discuss for the first time. We show also that if a hadron is seen as made of quarks and gluons, one cannot decompose its mass into more than two contributions without running into trouble with the consistency of the physical interpretation. In particular, the so-called quark mass and trace anomaly contributions appear to be purely conventional. Based on the current phenomenological values, we find that in average quarks exert a repulsive force inside nucleons, balanced exactly by the gluon attractive force.
© The Author(s), 2018