Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Critical phenomena of regular black holes in anti-de Sitter space-time
Center for High Energy Physics, Peking University, No.5 Yiheyuan Rd, Beijing, 100871, People’s Republic of China
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Accepted: 17 April 2017
Published online: 26 April 2017
In General Relativity, addressing coupling to a non-linear electromagnetic field, together with a negative cosmological constant, we obtain the general static spherical symmetric black hole solution with magnetic charges, which is asymptotic to anti-de Sitter (AdS) space-times. In particular, for a degenerate case the solution becomes a Hayward–AdS black hole, which is regular everywhere in the full space-time. The existence of such a regular black hole solution preserves the weak energy condition, while the strong energy condition is violated. We then derive the first law and the Smarr formula of the black hole solution. We further discuss its thermodynamic properties and study the critical phenomena in the extended phase space where the cosmological constant is treated as a thermodynamic variable as well as the parameter associated with the non-linear electrodynamics. We obtain many interesting results such as: the Maxwell equal area law in the (or ) diagram is violated and consequently the critical point of the first order small–large black hole transition does not coincide with the inflection point () of the isotherms; the Clapeyron equation describing the coexistence curve of the Van der Waals (vdW) fluid is no longer valid; the heat capacity at constant pressure is finite at the critical point; the various exponents near the critical point are also different from those of the vdW fluid.
© The Author(s), 2017