Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Confinement in a three-dimensional Yang–Mills theory
Via Erasmo Gattamelata, 3, 00176, Rome, Italy
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 12 April 2017
Published online: 21 April 2017
We show that, starting from known exact classical solutions of the Yang–Mills theory in three dimensions, the string tension is obtained and the potential is consistent with a marginally confining theory. The potential we obtain agrees fairly well with preceding findings in the literature but here we derive it analytically from the theory without further assumptions. The string tension is in strict agreement with lattice results and the well-known theoretical result by Karabali–Kim–Nair analysis. Classical solutions depend on a dimensionless numerical factor arising from integration. This factor enters into the determination of the spectrum and has been arbitrarily introduced in some theoretical models. We derive it directly from the solutions of the theory and is now fully justified. The agreement obtained with the lattice results for the ground state of the theory is well below 1% at any value of the degree of the group.
© The Author(s), 2017