Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Stability of the accelerated expansion in nonlinear electrodynamics
Department of Mathematics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore, 54590, Pakistan
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Accepted: 14 February 2017
Published online: 27 February 2017
This paper is devoted to the phase space analysis of an isotropic and homogeneous model of the universe by taking a noninteracting mixture of the electromagnetic and viscous radiating fluids whose viscous pressure satisfies a nonlinear version of the Israel–Stewart transport equation. We establish an autonomous system of equations by introducing normalized dimensionless variables. In order to analyze the stability of the system, we find corresponding critical points for different values of the parameters. We also evaluate the power-law scale factor whose behavior indicates different phases of the universe in this model. It is concluded that the bulk viscosity as well as electromagnetic field enhances the stability of the accelerated expansion of the isotropic and homogeneous model of the universe.
© The Author(s), 2017