Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
General scalar–tensor cosmology: analytical solutions via noether symmetry
Department of Physics, Shahid Beheshti University, G. C., Evin, Tehran, 19839, Iran
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 8 February 2017
Published online: 23 February 2017
We analyze the cosmology of a general scalar–tensor theory which encompasses generalized Brans–Dicke theory, Gauss–Bonnet gravity, non-minimal derivative gravity, generalized Galilean gravity and also the general k-essence type models. Instead of taking into account phenomenological considerations we adopt a Noether symmetry approach, as a physical criterion, to single out the form of undetermined functions in the action. These specified functions symmetrize equations of motion in the simplest possible form which result in exact solutions. Demanding de Sitter, power-law and bouncing universe solutions in the absence and presence of matter density leads to exploring new as well as well-investigated models. We show that there are models for which the dynamics of the system allows a transition from a decelerating phase (matter dominated era) to an accelerating phase (dark energy epoch) and could also lead to general Brans–Dicke with string correction without a self-interaction potential. Furthermore, we classify the models based on a phantom or quintessence dark energy point of view. Finally, we obtain the condition for stability of a de Sitter solution for which the solution is an attractor of the system.
© The Author(s), 2017