Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Cosmological constraints on the radiation released during structure formation
Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Av. F. Ferrari, 514, 29075-910, Vitória, ES, Brazil
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Accepted: 14 November 2016
Published online: 23 November 2016
During the process of structure formation in the universe matter is converted into radiation through a variety of processes such as light from stars, infrared radiation from cosmic dust, and gravitational waves from binary black holes/neutron stars and supernova explosions. The production of this astrophysical radiation background (ARB) could affect the expansion rate of the universe and the growth of perturbations. Here, we aim at understanding to which level one can constraint the ARB using future cosmological observations. We model the energy transfer from matter to radiation through an effective interaction between matter and astrophysical radiation. Using future supernova data from large synoptic survey telescope and growth-rate data from Euclid we find that the ARB density parameter is constrained, at the 95% confidence level, to be . Estimates of the energy density produced by well-known astrophysical processes give roughly . Therefore, we conclude that cosmological observations will only be able to constrain exotic or not-well understood sources of radiation.
© The Author(s), 2016