Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
On relevance of triple-gluon fusion in hadroproduction
Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Łojasiewicza 11, 30-348, Kraków, Poland
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Accepted: 17 April 2015
Published online: 19 May 2015
A contribution to hadroproduction is analyzed in which the meson production is mediated by three-gluon partonic state, with two gluons coming from the target and one gluon from the projectile. This mechanism involves double gluon density in one of the protons, hence this contribution enters at a non-leading twist. It is, however, relevant due to an enhancement factor coming from large double gluon density at small . We calculate the three-gluon contribution to hadroproduction within perturbative QCD in the -factorization framework. Results are obtained for differential -dependent cross sections for all polarizations and for the sum over the polarization components. The rescattering contribution is found to provide a significant correction to the standard leading twist cross section at the energies of the Tevatron or the LHC at moderate . We suggest production in proton–nucleus collision as a possible probe of the triple-gluon mechanism.
© SIF and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2015