Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
On Franklin’s relativistic rotational transformation and its modification
Department of Physics, University of Tehran, North Karegar Ave., 14395-547, Tehran, Iran
Accepted: 22 September 2014
Published online: 8 October 2014
Unlike the Lorentz transformation which replaces the Galilean transformation among inertial frames at high relative velocities, there seems to be no such a consensus in the case of coordinate transformation between inertial frames and uniformly rotating ones. There have been some attempts to generalize the Galilean rotational transformation to high rotational velocities. Here we introduce a modified version of one of these transformations proposed by Philip Franklin in 1922. The modified version is shown to resolve some of the drawbacks of the Franklin transformation, specially with respect to the corresponding spacetime metric in the rotating frame. This new transformation introduces non-inertial eccentric observers on a uniformly rotating disk and the corresponding metric in the rotating frame is shown to be consistent with the one obtained through Galilean rotational transformation for points close to the rotation axis. Employing the threading formulation of spacetime decomposition, spatial distances and time intervals in the spacetime metric of a rotating observer’s frame are also discussed.
© SIF and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2014