Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Cosmic magnetization in curved and Lorentz violating space–times
Section of Astrophysics, Astronomy and Mechanics, Department of Physics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, 54124, Greece
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Accepted: 22 April 2014
Published online: 27 May 2014
The presence of the large-scale magnetic fields is one of the greatest puzzles of contemporary cosmology. The symmetries of the electromagnetic field theory combined with the geometric structure of the FRW universe leads to an adiabatic decay of the primordial magnetic fields. Due to this rapid decay the residual large-scale magnetic field is astrophysically unimportant. A common feature among many of the proposed amplification mechanisms is the violation of Lorentz symmetries. We introduce an amplification mechanism within a Lorentz violating environment where we use Finsler geometry as our theoretical background. The mechanism is based on the adoption of a local anisotropic structure that leads to modifications on the Ricci identities. Thus, the wave-like equation of any vector source, including the magnetic field, is enriched by the Finslerian curvature theory. In particular limits, the remaining seed field can be strong enough to seed the galactic dynamo. In our analysis we also develop the 1+3 covariant formalism for the 4-vector potential in curved space–times.
© SIF and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2014