Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Comparing holographic dark energy models with statefinder
Department of Physics, College of Sciences, Northeastern University, Shenyang, 110004, China
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Accepted: 4 April 2014
Published online: 25 April 2014
We apply the statefinder diagnostic to the holographic dark energy models, including the original holographic dark energy (HDE) model, the new holographic dark energy model, the new agegraphic dark energy (NADE) model, and the Ricci dark energy model. In the low-redshift region the holographic dark energy models are degenerate with each other and with the CDM model in the and evolutions. In particular, the HDE model is highly degenerate with the CDM model, and in the HDE model the cases with different parameter values are also in strong degeneracy. Since the observational data are mainly within the low-redshift region, it is very important to break this low-redshift degeneracy in the and diagnostics by using some quantities with higher order derivatives of the scale factor. It is shown that the statefinder diagnostic is very useful in breaking the low-redshift degeneracies. By employing the statefinder diagnostic the holographic dark energy models can be differentiated efficiently in the low-redshift region. The degeneracy between the holographic dark energy models and the CDM model can also be broken by this method. Especially for the HDE model, all the previous strong degeneracies appearing in the and diagnostics are broken effectively. But for the NADE model, the degeneracy between the cases with different parameter values cannot be broken, even though the statefinder diagnostic is used. A direct comparison of the holographic dark energy models in the – plane is also made, in which the separations between the models (including the CDM model) can be directly measured in the light of the current values of the models.
© SIF and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2014