Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Nonbaryonic dark matter and scalar field coupled with a transversal interaction plus decoupled radiation
Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires and IFIBA, CONICET, Ciudad Universitaria, Pabellón I, Buenos Aires, 1428, Argentina
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Revised: 14 June 2013
Published online: 16 July 2013
We analyze a universe filled with interacting dark matter, a scalar field accommodated as dark radiation along with dark energy plus a decoupled radiation term within the framework of the spatially flat Friedmann–Robertson–Walker (FRW) spacetime. We work in a three-dimensional internal space spanned by the interaction vector and use a transversal interaction Q t for solving the source equation in order to find all the interacting component energy densities. We asymptotically reconstruct the scalar field and potential from an early radiation era to the late dominate dark energy one, passing through an intermediate epoch dominated by dark matter. We apply the χ 2 method to the updated observational Hubble data for constraining the cosmic parameters, contrast with the Union 2 sample of supernovae, and analyze the amount of dark energy in the radiation era. It turns out that our model fulfills the severe bound of Ω ϕ (z≃1100)<0.018 at 2σ level, is consistent with the recent analysis that includes cosmic microwave background anisotropy measurements from the Atacama Cosmology Telescope and the South Pole Telescope along with the future constraints achievable by Planck and CMBPol experiments, and satisfies the stringent bound Ω ϕ (z≃1010)<0.04 at 2σ level in the big-bang nucleosynthesis epoch.
© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and Società Italiana di Fisica, 2013