Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Quantum cosmological perturbations: predictions and observations
Theoretical Physics, Ludwig Maxmillians University, Theresienstr. 37, 80333, Munich, Germany
2 LPT de l’Ecole Normale Superieure, Chaire Blaise Pascal, 24 rue Lhomond, 75231, Paris cedex, France
Published online: 16 July 2013
I consider the generic model independent predictions of the theory of quantum cosmological perturbations. To describe the stage of cosmic inflation, where these perturbations are amplified, the hydrodynamical approach is used. The inflationary stage is completely characterized by the deviation of the equation of state from cosmological constant which is a smooth function of the number of e-folds until the end of inflation. It is shown that in this case the spectral index should deviate from the flat one at least by 3 percent irrespective of any particular scenario. Given the value of the spectral index a lower bound on the amount of gravitational waves produced is derived. Finally the relation between effective hydrodynamical description of inflation and inflationary scenarios is discussed.
© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and Società Italiana di Fisica, 2013