Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
An effective QCD Lagrangian in the presence of an axial chemical potential
V.A. Fock Department of Theoretical Physics, Saint-Petersburg State University, 198504, St. Petersburg, Russia
2 Departament d’Estructura i Constituents de la Matèria and Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona, Martí i Franquès 1, 08028, Barcelona, Spain
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Published online: 29 January 2013
We consider the low energy realization of QCD in terms of mesons when an axial chemical potential is present; a situation that may be relevant in heavy ion collisions. We shall demonstrate that the presence of an axial charge has profound consequences on meson physics. The most notorious effect is the appearance of an explicit source of parity breaking. The eigenstates of strong interactions do not have a definite parity and interactions that would otherwise be forbidden compete with the familiar ones. In this work we focus on scalars and pseudoscalars that are described by a generalized linear sigma model. We comment briefly on the screening role of axial vectors in formation of effective axial charge and on the possible experimental relevance of our results, whose consequences may have been already seen at RHIC.
© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and Società Italiana di Fisica, 2013